Publication Ethics

Agreement upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editors, the peer reviewers and the publisher. (The following ethic atatements are based on COPE's Best Practice Guideline for journal Editors).

Duties of Editors(PDF file)

 Publication decision

Fair play

 Confidentiality

 Disclosure and Conflicts of interest

 Involvement and cooperation in investigations

Duties of Reviewers(PDF file)

 Contribution to Editorial Decision

 Promptness

 Confidentiality

 Standards of Objectivity

 Acknowledgement of Source

 Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Duties of Authors

Reporting standards

Data Access and Retention

Originality and Plagiarism

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

Acknowledgement of Sources

Authorship of the Paper

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Fundamental errors in published works

 Authors of contributions and studies research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review. The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Authors should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication. All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Duties of the Publisher

We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, we will assist in communications with other journals and/or publishers where this is useful to editors. Finally, we are working closely with other publishers and industry associations to set standards for best practices on ethical matters, errors and retractions--and are prepared to provide specialized legal review and counsel if necessary.

The author should assigns the copyright in the above article, throughout the world, in any form, in any language, for the full term of copyright, effective upon acceptance for publication. The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author(s), has not been published before, does not infringe the rights of others, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s). The author warrants that he/she has the full power and authority to enter into this agreement and to grant the rights granted in this agreement. The journal undertakes to publish the work by placing it on the Journal's server and maintain copies of the work. This agreement shall become effective and binding at the date of formal acceptance of the work for publication by the journal.